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A pension is a stream of income that is paid usually when one attains retirement, but it can also be paid to a child till they are no longer children. Widows and widowers may also receive a pension on a death of a spouse

Is an arrangement under which persons are entitled to benefits upon retirement or upon death or termination of employment or upon the occurrence of such events as specified in law or the document establishing a pension scheme

Yes a pension scheme can be designed as a defined benefit scheme (DB) or defined contribution (DC) or a hybrid. A defined benefit scheme is a pension scheme where the retirement benefit payable is based on a pre determined formula. While a defined contribution scheme is a pension scheme where contributions into the scheme are pre determined implying that the benefit is uncertain as it will depend on accumulated contributions and investment earnings. A hybrid combines the features of a DB and DC.

The main reason for a pension scheme is to save for retirement, but as a social protection instrument a pension scheme also offers benefits when one loses employment as a result of ill health, death or just wishes to take up other activities.

Viewing one’s life from a life perspective you see that one’s saving opportunities are at peak when in employment, therefore part of the excess income (surplus over consumption of members’ household) is deferred or postponed to retirement through a pension scheme. Pensionable employment also provides for job security as it gives you certainty that you have a job over a long period in excess of 20 years.

A pension scheme has two stages namely accumulation and de-accumulation stage. During the accumulation stage contributions from members are paid into the fund (scheme) and these monies are invested. While during the de-accumulation stage the individual starts receiving a pension and the fund value starts declining.

The Board of Trustees are the one with the management and control function of the scheme, however trustees appoint fund managers, administrators or qualified individuals to perform the duties of a fund manager and administrator.

Trustees have the main responsibility for the administration of funded occupational pension schemes and compliance with the requirements that apply to these schemes.

A fund manager is a company that has a duty of investing funds of the scheme on behalf of the Trustees. They place, monitor and call off investments on instruction from the trustees.

An administrator is the one who does the administration part of the scheme by paying out benefits, keeping scheme records and organising meetings for the Trustees.

Pension funds are invested in various instruments like Government bonds, corporate bonds, property, fixed deposits, cash deposits, etc

Currently a member of a private pension scheme cannot pledge as collateral his or her accrued pension benefits because the law prohibits assignments of pension benefits as security. In other setups it is possible to assign benefits

Trustees and their agents (fund manager and administrator) are required by law to ensure that investments are only made in secure and profitable investments. Therefore if the trustees follow the law pension investments are secure.

Yes in some pension schemes are recipients of child pension. A child pension is paid to a child until they attain a certain age 18 or 21 in cases where they are still in school.

Pension schemes give their members’ handbooks or members’ cards, so they need to show you the card

The pension industry can be a very big industry in certain countries assets under management as in excess of Gross Domestic Product (Value of goods and services produced in an economy). Therefore numerous jobs are available, in our market opportunities exist for Accountants, statisticians, Investment analysts, lawyers, customer relations, Actuaries etc

Anyone can buy a life insurance policy but as an individual policy holder the premium you will pay depends on your age, your health and your occupation.

It is not you who stand to benefit from your life insurance policy; it is the loved ones who depend on you. One of the main reasons to buy life insurance is the financial protection it offers them. The proceeds from a life insurance policy can replace the income loss as a result of your death, saving them from financial hardships.

You can insure the lives of persons whose death may cause you some financial loss.

The other type of insurance is known as general insurance-it is basically an insurance that protects you against losses and damages

They are several but the most common policies include motor vehicle, household, health and travel.

Yes, if you drive a vehicle you need to buy a vehicle insurance policy. It is required by law; it is an offence to drive a vehicle without an insurance cover.

Yes, you should report the accident to the police immediately when it occurs. The police will investigate the accident and usually their report serves as an official evidence of the accident.

You need a police accident report and a medical or hospital report from the health facility you attended as a result of the accident. You must always ensure that you have two reports before you make any claim against your insurance company for vehicle accident.

By using a broker or an agent to purchase insurance, you receive a more personal professional service. A broker or an agent with whom there is direct contact will take the time to know you and can be vital when purchasing a product; he/she is also helpful when filing a claim.

No. Your premium is determined by the insurance company and remains the same whether or not you use an insurance agent or an insurance broker.